Investigation of the concentration of particles generated by public transport gas (CNG) buses
Main Article Content
The sustainable development of public transport is inseparable from its key elements, transport. In recent years, reflections on green public transport have been steadily intensifying and setting new guidelines for its development focused on the environment. Gas-powered, more environmentally friendly diesel buses are used for this purpose. Part of such a transport fleet in Vilnius consists of such buses. Pollution from mobile sources is predominant in cities, so particulate matter from different gas buses (powered by CNG) was identified in this study. In this study, particle concentration measurements were performed, in which the dependence of the particle concentration on the mileage of the buses was determined.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access). As soon as the paper is accepted, finally submitted and edited, the paper will appear in the "OnlineFirst" page of the journal, thus from this point no other internet-based publication is necessary.
A. M., & Golokhvast, K. S. (2018). Morphologic and chemical composition of particulate matter in motorcycle engine exhaust. Toxicology Reports, 5(December 2017), 224–230. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.toxrep.2018.01.003
Chernyshev, V. V., Zakharenko, A. M., Ugay, S. M., Hien, T. T., Hai, L. H., Olesik, S. M., Kholodov, A. S., Zubko, E., Kokkinakis, M., Burykina, T. I., Stratidakis, A. K., Mezhuev, Y. O., Sarigiannis, D. A., Tsatsakis, A., & Golokhvast, K. S. (2019). Morphological and chemical composition of particulate matter in buses exhaust. Toxicology Reports, 6(December 2018), 120–125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.toxrep.2018.12.002
Cooper, E., Arioli, M., Carrigan, A., & Lindau, L. A. (2014). Exhaust emissions of transit buses: Brazil and India case studies. Research in Transportation Economics, 48, 323–329. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.retrec.2014.09.059
Dyr, T., Misiurski, P., & Ziółkowska, K. (2019). Costs and benefits of using buses fuelled by natural gas in public transport. Journal of Cleaner Production, 225(2019), 1134–1146. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.03.317
Gómez, A., Fernández-Yáñez, P., Soriano, J. A., Sánchez-Rodríguez, L., Mata, C., García-Contreras, R., Armas, O., & Cárdenas, M. D. (2021). Comparison of real driving emissions from Euro VI buses with diesel and compressed natural gas fuels. Fuel, 289(x). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2020.119836
Pourahmadiyan, A., Ahmadi, P., & Kjeang, E. (2021). Dynamic simulation and life cycle greenhouse gas impact assessment of CNG, LNG, and diesel-powered transit buses in British Columbia, Canada. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 92(February), 102724. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2021.102724
Shan, X., Chen, X., Jia, W., & Ye, J. (2019). Evaluating urban bus emission characteristics based on localized MOVES using sparse GPS data in Shanghai, China. Sustainability (Switzerland), 11(10). https://doi.org/10.3390/su11102936
Singh, T. S., Rajak, U., Verma, T. N., Nashine, P., Mehboob, H., Manokar, A. M., & Afzal, A. (2022). Exhaust emission characteristics study of light and heavy-duty diesel vehicles in India. Case Studies in Thermal Engineering, 29(June 2021), 101709. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csite.2021.101709
Smieszek, M., Dobrzanska, M., & Dobrzanski, P. (2019). Rzeszow as a city taking steps towards developing sustainable public transport. Sustainability (Switzerland), 11(2). https://doi.org/10.3390/su11020402
Tong, H. Y., Hung, W. T., & Cheung, C. S. (2000). On-road motor vehicle emissions and fuel consumption in urban driving conditions. Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association, 50(4), 543–554. https://doi.org/10.1080/10473289.2000.10464041
Wang, C., Wu, Y., Jiang, J., Zhang, S., Li, Z., Zheng, X., & Hao, J. (2015). Impacts of load mass on real-world PM1 mass and number emissions from a heavy-duty diesel bus. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 12(4), 1261–1268. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13762-013-0473-z
Wang, Chao, Sun, Z., & Ye, Z. (2020). On-road bus emission comparison for diverse locations and fuel types in real-world operation conditions. Sustainability (Switzerland), 12(5), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12051798
Wang, Chao, Ye, Z., Yu, Y., & Gong, W. (2018). Estimation of bus emission models for different fuel types of buses under real conditions. Science of the Total Environment, 640–641, 965–972. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.05.289
Yu, Q., & Li, T. (2014). Evaluation of bus emissions generated near bus stops. Atmospheric Environment, 85, 195–203. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.12.020
Zhang, S., Wu, Y., Wu, X., Li, M., Ge, Y., Liang, B., Xu, Y., Zhou, Y., Liu, H., Fu, L., & Hao, J. (2014). Historic and future trends of vehicle emissions in Beijing, 1998-2020: A policy assessment for the most stringent vehicle emission control program in China. Atmospheric Environment, 89(2014), 216–229. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.12.002