Application of mathematical models to Euro Standard passenger car curves for predicting the future of the market

Main Article Content

Ignacio Durá


In Europe, vehicle emissions are regulated by the Euro Standard legislation. Governments of different countries force automotive industries to adapt their vehicles to comply with these standards. The legislation is regularly updated to reduce vehicle emissions and control the issue of gas emissions. This study aims to examine previous regulations and adapt three different mathematical models to their market curves. The information collected proposes three possible predictions for the future Euro Standard. This will aid the anticipation of future regulations and enable adaptation to the demands of the future market of passenger cars.

Article Details

How to Cite
Durá, I. (2023). Application of mathematical models to Euro Standard passenger car curves for predicting the future of the market. Cognitive Sustainability, 2(3).


ACEA – European Automobile Manufacturers’ Association (2022). Economic and Market Report: State of the EU auto industry – Full-year 2022. URL: (7 February 2023)

Bereczky, Á., Török, Á. (2011). International literature review on the possibilities of biodiesel production. Periodica Polytechnica Transportation Engineering. 39(1), 31–37. DOI:

Fűr, A., Csete, M. (2010). Modeling methodologies of synergic effects related to climate change and sustainable energy management. Periodica Polytechnica Social and Management Sciences. 18(1), 11–19. DOI:

Lekić, M., Rogić, K., Boldizsár, A., Zöldy, M., Török, Á. (2021). Big Data in logistics. Periodica Polytechnica Transportation Engi-neering. 49(1), 60–65. DOI:

Radpour, S., Mondal, M. A. H., Paramashivan, D., Kumar, A. (2021). The development of a novel framework based on a review of market penetration models for energy technologies. Energy Strategy Reviews. 38, 100704. DOI:

Rota, F. M., Carcedo, M. J., García, P. J. (2016). Dual approach for modelling demand saturation levels in the automobile market. The Gompertz curve: Macro versus micro data. Investigación económica. 75(296), 43–72. DOI:

Tánczos, K., Török, Á. (2008). Impact of transportation on environment. Periodica Polytechnica Transportation Engineering. 36(1–2), 105–110. DOI:

The International Council On Clean Transport (2021): European Vehicle Market Statistics. Pocketbook 2021/22 URL:

Wang, K. H., Su, C. W., Xiao, Y., Liu, L. (2022). Is the oil price a barometer of China’s automobile market? From a wavelet-based quan-tile-on-quantile regression perspective. Energy. 240, 122501. DOI: