Main Article Content
In the nearly 120 years of aviation history, the industry and technology have evolved with the world. In the early decades, the focus was on preparing aircraft for passenger transport, and gradually the industry developed different areas such as airports, navigation, in-flight services and air traffic control. The aviation industry has faced quite many challenges in different periods. At the beginning of the JET era, the first very controversial factor, noise pollution, was already apparent. The gas turbines of the time were much less efficient than today’, and although the technology worked, some factors were less considered by developers, such as the noise and environmental impact mentioned above. As we moved into more modern times, the focus shifted more and more to the pollutants emitted by aircraft, which has become one of the most studied factors to date. This research examines the sustainability of aviation, past, present and future, in the light of global warming. It presents technologies that already work in the present, but their possible spread only points to the near or even distant future.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access). As soon as the paper is accepted, finally submitted and edited, the paper will appear in the "OnlineFirst" page of the journal, thus from this point no other internet-based publication is necessary.
Airbus (2021). Airbus establishes Zero-Emission Development Centres in Germany and France. 14 Jun 2021. URL: https://www.airbus.com/en/newsroom/press-releases/2021-06-airbus-establishes-zero-emission-development-centres-in-germany-and (Downloaded: 6 Mar 2023)
ATAG (2023). Facts and Figures. URL: https://www.atag.org/facts-figures/ (Downloaded: 6 Mar 2023)
Bakó, G., Molnár, Z., Bakk, L., Horváth, F., Fehér, L., Ábrám, Ö., Morvai, E., Biro, C., Pápay, G., Fűrész, A., Penksza, K., Pácsonyi, D., Demény, K., Juhász, E., Dékány, D., Csernyava, L., Illés, G., Molnár, A. (2021). Toward a High Spatial Resolution Aerial Monitoring Network for Nature Conservation – How Can Remote Sensing Help Protect Natural Areas?. Sustainability. 13(16), 8807. DOI: https://doi.org/kg3b
Čokorilo, O., Ivković, I., & Kaplanović, S. (2019). Prediction of exhaust emission costs in air and road transportation. Sustainability, 11(17), 4688. DOI: https://doi.org/kg3h
CO2 Value Europe (2022). First Flight in History with 100% Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) on a Regional Commercial Aircraft this Summer. 12 Sep 2022 URL: https://co2value.eu/first-flight-in-history-with-100-sustainable-aviation-fuel-saf-on-a-regional-commercial-aircraft-this-summer/ (Downloaded: 5 Mar 2023)
da Silva, S. D. P., Eugenio, F. C., Fantinel, R. A., Amaral, L. P., dos Santos, A. R., Mallmann, C. L., dos Santos, F. D., Pereira, R. S., Ruoso, R. (2023) Modeling and detection of invasive trees using UAV image and machine learning in a subtropical forest in Brazil. Ecological Informatics, 74, 101989. DOI: https://doi.org/kg3f
DHL Group (2021). DHL Express shapes future for sustainable aviation with the order of first-ever all-electric cargo planes from Eviation. 3 Aug 2021, URL: https://www.dpdhl.com/en/media-relations/press-releases/2021/dhl-express-shapes-future-for-sustainable-aviation-order-first-ever-all-electric-cargo-planes-eviation.html (Downloaded: 6 Mar 2023)
Edgar (2021). GHG emissions of all world countries. Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research, https://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/report_2021 (Downloaded: 6 Mar 2023)
Ficzere, P. (2021). Effect Of 3d Printing Direction On Manufacturing Costs Of Automotive Parts. International Journal For Traffic & Transport Engineering, 11(1). DOI: https://doi.org/hb76
Gül, T., Cozzi, L., Havlik, P. (2021). What does net-zero emissions by 2050 mean for bioenergy and land use? IEA. URL: https://www.iea.org/articles/what-does-net-zero-emissions-by-2050-mean-for-bioenergy-and-land-use (Downloaded: 5 Mar 2023)
ICAO (2023a). Climate Change. URL: https://www.icao.int/environmental-protection/pages/climate-change.aspx (Downloaded: 6 Mar 2023)
ICAO (2023b). Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF). URL: https://www.icao.int/environmental-protection/pages/SAF.aspx (Downloaded: 5 Mar 2023)
ICAO Committee on Aviation Environmental Protection Report (2022). Report on the feasibility of a long-term aspirational goal for international civil aviation CO2 emission reductions. URL: https://www.icao.int/environmental-protection/LTAG/Documents/REPORT%20ON%20THE%20FEASIBILITY%20OF%20A%20LONG-TERM%20ASPIRATIONAL%20GOAL_en.pdf?fbclid=IwAR2NHDpT5TZ0HgwR7x74MdoO0BX2mS21EHBzGF-13CMAYLrfUmrwaI37-Sw. (Downloaded: 6 Mar 2023)
Khadilkar, D. (2021). Sustainable Aviation Fuel Aces Helicopter and Plane Flight Tests. Scientific American. 23 Dec 2021. URL: https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/sustainable-aviation-fuel-aces-helicopter-and-plane-flight-tests/ (Downloaded: 5 Mar 2023)
Levingstone, C. (2022). This Idea Is Fly: The Story Of The First Passenger Flight Using Only Sustainable Aviation Fuel In One Engine. GE Aviation. 10 Jan 2022. URL: https://www.ge.com/news/reports/this-idea-is-fly-the-story-of-the-first-passenger-flight-using-only-sustainable-aviation (Downloaded: 5 Mar 2023)
Makichuk, D. (2019). Liaoning touts first flight of electric RX4E. Asia Times. 29 Oct 2019. URL: https://asiatimes.com/2019/10/liaoning-touts-first-flight-of-electric-rx4e/" https://asiatimes.com/2019/10/liaoning-touts-first-flight-of-electric-rx4e/ (Downloaded: 6 Mar 2023)
Müllerová, J., Bartaloš, T., Brůna J., Dvořák, P., Vítková, M. (2017): Unmanned aircraft in nature conservation: an example from plant invasions. International Journal of Remote Sensing. 38(8–10), 2177–2198. DOI: https://doi.org/ggshsx
Oxera (2023). Can the private sector help to get the rail industry back on track? URL: https://www.oxera.com/insights/agenda/articles/can-the-private-sector-help-to-get-the-rail-industry-back-on-track/ (Downloaded: 6 Mar 2023)
Rolls-Royce (2021) ‘Spirit of Innovation’ URL: https://www.rolls-royce.com/media/press-releases/2021/19-11-2021-spirit-of-innovation-stakes-claim-to-be-the-worlds-fastest-all-electric-vehicle.aspx (Downloaded: 6 Mar 2023)
Tran, D. T., Palomino, J. M., Oliver, S. R. J. (2018), Desulfurization of JP-8 jet fuel: Challenges and adsorptive materials, RSC Advances. 13(8), 7301–7314, DOI: https://doi.org/kg3d
Villamizar, H. (2022) Eviation’s All-Electric Alice Aircraft Completes First Flight. Airways. 27 Sep 2022. URL: https://airwaysmag.com/first-flight-eviations-alice/ (Downloaded: 6 Mar 2023)
Ying, S. X. (2022). Electric Aircraft. ICAO Climate Change Mitigation: Aircraft Technologies. 120–123. URL: https://www.icao.int/environmental-protection/Documents/EnvironmentalReports/2022/ENVReport2022_Art30.pdf#search=electric