Hungarian agricultural pathways revealing climate-related challenges

Main Article Content

Kinga Biró
Ottó Toldi

Abstract

The agricultural sector is highly exposed to the expected impacts of climate change, such as more frequent extreme weather events, prolonged and intensified heat waves, and water shortages, which present new challenges to farmers. Innovation is becoming increasingly important in European and Hungarian agricultural policy, and it plays a key role in the decarbonization of the sector. Innovative technologies improve the three dimensions of sustainability, and contribute to food security and increase the profitability of agricultural production. The research aims to analyze the greenhouse gas emission trends and forecast future emissions from the agriculture sector in Hungary and give a brief overview of the emission scenarios reported in the National Clean Development Strategy. Descriptive statistics are used to analyze emissions data. Chebyshev’s inequality is used to predict future EU and domestic GHG emissions. Agriculture is one of the most conservative sectors from a climate perspective and it is already visible that the conventional approach will not be enough, but it has effective tools to achieve climate neutrality by 2050.    

Article Details

How to Cite
Biró, K., & Toldi, O. (2022). Hungarian agricultural pathways revealing climate-related challenges. Cognitive Sustainability, 1(1). https://doi.org/10.55343/cogsust.28
Section
Articles

References

Balogh, J. M., Borda, Á. (2021). Role of agriculture in climate change – A global perspective. Statisztikai Szemle 99. 427-445. DOI: https://doi.org/jdbr

Biró, K.; Szalmáné Csete, M.; Németh, B. (2021a) Climate-Smart Agriculture: Sleeping Beauty of the Hungarian Agribusiness. Sustainability 2021, 13, 10269. DOI: https://doi.org/jdbs

Biró, K.; Szalmáné Csete M. (2021b). Examination of climate innovation targets in the Transdanubia planning-statistical regions.[In Hungarian: A klímainnovációs törekvések vizsgálata a dunántúli tervezési-statisztikai régiókban]. SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL ON AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS [in Hungarian: GAZDÁLKODÁS], 65. pp. 375-396, 22 p.

Casella, G., Berger, R. (2002). Statistical Inference, Duxbury advanced series in statistics and decision sciences. Thomson Learning. https://mybiostats.files.wordpress.com/2015/03/casella-berger.pdf (download: 21.08.2022)

EEA (2022). Annual European Union greenhouse gas inventory 1990–2020 and inventory report 2022 Submission to the UNFCCC Secretariat. EEA/PUBL/2022/023. https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/annual-european-union-greenhouse-gas-1 (download: 21.08.2022)

European Commission (2020). A Farm to Fork Strategy for a fair, healthy and environmentally-friendly food system. COM(2020) 381 final.

European Commission (2021). REGULATION (EU) 2021/2115 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 2 December 2021 establishing rules on support for strategic plans to be drawn up by Member States under the common agricultural policy (CAP Strategic Plans) and financed by the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund (EAGF) and by the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) and repealing Regulations (EU) No 1305/2013 and (EU) No 1307/2013.

Gaál, M., Quiroga, S., Fernandez-Haddad, Z. (2014). Potential impacts of climate change on agricultural land use suitability of the Hungarian counties. Regional Environmental Change, 14, 597–610. DOI: https://doi.org/jdbt

Hadnagy, I., Hubay, K., Kolozsvári, I., László, E., Szanyi, S., Varga, Z. (2013). Klímaváltozás a Kárpát-medencében: múlt, jelen, jövő. Szerkesztette: Szanyi Szabolcs. Márton Áron Szakkollégium, Debrecen, 2013. ISBN 978-963-87423-9-1.

Hungarian Central Statistical Office (KSH) (2020). Helyzetkép a mezőgazdaságról, 2020. URL: https://www.ksh.hu/docs/hun/xftp/idoszaki/mezo/2020/index.html (Downloaded: 2 February 2022)

Hungarian Central Statistical Office (KSH) (2021). Agrárcenzus 2020. URL: https://www.ksh.hu/docs/hun/xftp/ac2020/elozetes_adatok/ac2020_elozetes_adatok.pdf, download: January 2022.

IPCC (2006). 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. Edited by Simon Eggelston, Leandro Buendia, Kyoko Miwa, Todd Ngara, Kiyoto Tanabe. ISBN 4-88788-032-4.

Juhász, T. and Horváth-Csikós, G. (2021). The emergence of soft skills in agricultural education. Problems and Perspectives in Management, 19(3), 453-466. DOI: https://doi.org/jdbv

Ministry of Innovation and Technology (ITM) (2021). National Clean Development Strategy 2020-2050. 121 p.

Ndue, K. and Goda, P. (2022). Life Cycle Assessment Perspective for Sectoral Adaptation to Climate Change: Environmental Impact Assessment of Pig Production. Land 11, no. 6: 827. DOI: https://doi.org/jdbx

Pálvölgyi, T, Csete, M. (2012). The state of Hungarian natural resources and factors defining their sustainable use. GAZDÁLKODÁS, Scientific Journal on Agricultural Economics 56 (2012): 26. DOI: https://doi.org/jdbz

Szalmáne Csete, M. (2022). Wake-Up Call for People and the Planet to Move Ahead with Conviction. Where to Start and Plan? Springer Books, in: Subhra R Mondal & Jana Majerova & Subhankar Das (ed.), Sustainable Development and Innovation of Digital Enterprises for Living with COVID-19, chapter 9, pp. 149-159. DOI: https://doi.org/jdb2

Szőke, V., Kovács, L. (2021). Agriculture 4.0: technologies and their effects on the labor market. SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL ON AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS [in Hungarian: GAZDÁLKODÁS], 65(1), 64–85.

UNFCCC (2022). National Inventory Report for 1985-2019 Hungary. URL: https://unfccc.int/ghg-inventories-annex-i-parties/2022 (Access: 23 July 2022)

United Nations (2015). Transforming our world: The 2030 agenda for sustainable development resolution adopted by the general assembly on September 25, 2015, A/RES/70/1. United Nations General Assembly.

Zöldy M., Szalmáné Csete M., Kolozsi P.P., Bordás P., Török Á., 2022. Cognitive Sustainability. COGNITIVE SUSTAINABILITY 1: 1 Paper: 7, 7 p. DOI: https://doi.org/htfq